A whole college course in a day! This workshop offers an overview of the exciting and rapidly growing field of the anthropology of reproduction from its early beginnings to its latest findings. We will concentrate on anthropological studies in four major areas: childbirth, midwifery, the new reproductive technologies, and the politics of nation-states as they play out on women’s bodies and affect women’s reproductive lives. I will describe the works I consider to be key in each area, and summarize their findings, and will suggest important directions for future research. In the arena of anthropological birth activism, I will present the new International Childbirth Initiative (ICI): 12 Steps to MotherBaby-Family Maternity Care and provide an update on its ongoing implementation around the world.